Ubuntu – Steam: error while loading shared libraries: libGL.so.1: wrong ELF class: ELFCLASS64

12.1064-bitnvidiashared librarysteam

After Nvidia driver installation when I try to run Steam I am getting this error:

steam: error while loading shared libraries: libGL.so.1: wrong ELF class: ELFCLASS64

I found this question and one of the answers that suggest installing:

sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-glx:i386

I have already installed libgl1-mesa-glx:i386. Than I found this. It suggests making a symlink to 32bit libGL. How can do that? Do you have any other suggestions?

Best Answer

This problem on 64-bits systems is caused by /usr/lib being earlier in the LD_LIBRARY_PATH than /usr/lib32. Steam tries the 64-bit libraries and complains, without looking any further.

It can be fixed however by in ~/Steam/steam.sh but that file seems to be restored to the original version every time steam is ran.

I fixed it by creating a script that does this:

steam $*

This prepends /usr/lib32 to the library path, then starts steam (with the script's original arguments). Now /usr/lib32 is found in the path before /usr/lib, and steam will successfully use the 32-bit libraries.

You may also want to add the line


to /usr/bin/steam, it will have the same effect, as long as you add it before the very last line. You'll need to sudo to edit /usr/lib/steam.

  • This has the added bonus that it's a better fix, since everything that starts steam (the application menu entry, file type associations, URI associations) will work correctly.
  • The disadvantage is that /usr/bin/steam is likely to be overwritten when steam is updated.

I use the latter method, while keeping the script as a backup. That way, if /usr/bin/steam gets overwritten, I can simply copy paste the line again from the script to fix it.

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