Ubuntu – How to ignore a proxy if not available


Following the instructions in Best way to cache apt downloads on a LAN?, I've set up a caching proxy in my local network. Since that machine is not always up, I'd like to be able to refresh the sources list and install packages without using that proxy if unavailable.

I've already read the Acquire group section in the manual page of apt.conf(5), but I couldn't find an option like "Silent-Fail".

At the moment, sudo apt-get update and related commands fail because no connection could be established. So how do I configure the client so that the proxy is ignored if it's not available?

Best Answer

There is an undocumented setting, Acquire::http::ProxyAutoDetect. This setting should contains the full path to the binary and cannot have arguments. The command should output the proxy to be used (example:

Given the above information, a script could be created that tries a proxy before setting it. If no proxy is available, a direct connection should be used.

Below is such a proxy detection script which tries the and proxies.

Put the code in /etc/apt/detect-http-proxy:

# detect-http-proxy - Returns a HTTP proxy which is available for use

# Author: Lekensteyn <lekensteyn@gmail.com>

# Supported since APT (Lucid) and 0.7.26~exp1 (Debian Squeeze)
# Unsupported: Ubuntu Karmic and before, Debian Lenny and before

# Put this file in /etc/apt/detect-http-proxy and create and add the below
# configuration in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/30detectproxy
#    Acquire::http::ProxyAutoDetect "/etc/apt/detect-http-proxy";

# APT calls this script for each host that should be connected to. Therefore
# you may see the proxy messages multiple times (LP 814130). If you find this
# annoying and wish to disable these messages, set show_proxy_messages to 0

# on or more proxies can be specified. Note that each will introduce a routing
# delay and therefore its recommended to put the proxy which is most likely to
# be available on the top. If no proxy is available, a direct connection will
# be used

print_msg() {
    # \x0d clears the line so [Working] is hidden
    [ "$show_proxy_messages" = 1 ] && printf '\x0d%s\n' "$1" >&2

for proxy in "${try_proxies[@]}"; do
    # if the host machine / proxy is reachable...
    if nc -z ${proxy/:/ }; then
        print_msg "Proxy that will be used: $proxy"
        echo "$proxy"
print_msg "No proxy will be used"

# Workaround for Launchpad bug 654393 so it works with Debian Squeeze (<0.8.11)

Now, APT must be configured to use the above proxy detection script, so put the following code in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/30detectproxy:

# Fail immediately if a file could not be retrieved. Comment if you have a bad
# Internet connection
Acquire::Retries 0;

# undocumented feature which was found in the source. It should be an absolute
# path to the program, no arguments are allowed. stdout contains the proxy
# server, stderr is shown (in stderr) but ignored by APT
Acquire::http::ProxyAutoDetect "/etc/apt/detect-http-proxy";

I've also put the next code to the file to prevent some host from being proxified.

# Override the default proxy, DIRECT causes a direct connection to be used
Acquire::http::Proxy {
    deb.opera.com DIRECT;
    dl.google.com DIRECT;

By default, the script outputs whether a proxy is used or not. To disable that, edit /etc/apt/detect-http-proxy and change show_proxy_messages=1 to show_proxy_messages=0.

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