I'm trying to install the HDF5 compression libraries with the Intel Compilers suite (Intel Parallel Studio XE 2018.2.046).
With the same suite I've compiled both szip and zlib and I'm proceeding to configure HDF with the command:
./configure --prefix=/home/modelstation/Software/Intel_Compiled/hdf5 --enable-fortran --enable-cxx --with-szip=/home/modelstation/Software/Intel_Compiled/szip --with-zlib=/home/modelstation/Software/Intel_Compiled/zlib
Configuration stops with the error:
checking size of size_t… configure: error: in `/home/modelstation/Downloads/hdf5-1.10.2':
configure: error: cannot compute sizeof (size_t)
Following this solution on the Intel Developer forum it seems that it should be possible to circumvent this error (which is apparently due to a conflict between HDF5 configure scripts and the new shiny Ubuntu version) by downgrading the GNU compiler suite used in autotools with the commands:
sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/gcc gcc /usr/bin/gcc-6 60 --slave /usr/bin/g++ g++ /usr/bin/g++-6 --slave /usr/bin/gfortran gfortran /usr/bin/gfortran-6
But that command produces the following error:
update-alternatives: error: alternative path /usr/bin/gcc-6 doesn't exist
I thought that the mistake was that I had to actually install some previous version of the packages before updating alternatives, therefore I tried:
sudo apt-get install gcc-4.6
But the result is:
Package gcc-4.6 is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source
However the following packages replace it:
E: Package 'gcc-4.6' has no installation candidate
So is it possible under ubuntu 18.04 to downgrade gcc g++ and gfortran to version 4.6 or not?
If the answer is "no" I will have to format everything and install Ubuntu 16.04, in which none of these issues existed.
update-alternativesgives you the convenience of switching between different installed gcc versions. Downgrading the system gcc is almost never needed, and is generally harmful.
/usr/bin/gcc-6 doesn't existfrom
gcc-6is not installed, so all you need is to install the following packages (which are found in the default 18.04 repository,
sudo apt-get install gcc-6 g++-6 g++-6-multilib gfortran-6
Then, repeat the
sudo update-alternatives --installstep for each gcc version you wish to use.
Whenever you want to change back
gccto point to the default version shipped with Bionic, 7.3, simply run
sudo update-alternatives --config gcc, which will let you pick between the available gcc versions with installed alternatives.
Also, you can always run a specific gcc version directly, by specifying the version suffix (