Background: I got the Microsoft Natural Ergonomic Keyboard 4000 and several keys are not working at all under Ubuntu such as the F1-F10 keys. I have Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS running on my machine.
I created the file
/etc/udev/hwdb.d/61-keyboard-local.hwdb and set up come custom rules:
keyboard:usb:v045ep00db* KEYBOARD_KEY_0x1008ff27=pageup KEYBOARD_KEY_0x1008ff26=pagedown KEYBOARD_KEY_0xff6a=F1 KEYBOARD_KEY_0x1008ff6b=F5
I got the hex code through
xev. For instance, for the key which should be the F1 key,
KeyRelease event, serial 37, synthetic NO, window 0x4400001, root 0xa2, subw 0x0, time 1746028, (12,-12), root:(61,40), state 0x10, keycode 146 (keysym 0xff6a, Help), same_screen YES, XLookupString gives 0 bytes: XFilterEvent returns: False
After changing the file, I ran
udevadm hwdb --update and
udevadm trigger and, additionally, restarted my laptop.
Issue: The corresponding functionality is not assigned to the respective keys.