Ubuntu – Change Apache document root folder to secondary hard drive


I installed the ubuntu 12.04 server edition for my server pc . i had installed lamp server. i need to change the var/www location to my secondary hard disk location. i was configured so many time to at gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/default here is my code

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost

    #DocumentRoot /var/www
    DocumentRoot /media/myserver/
    <Directory />
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
    #<Directory /var/www/>
        <Directory /media/myserver/>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        allow from all

    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
    <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
        AllowOverride None
        Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all

    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log

    # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
    # alert, emerg.
    LogLevel warn

    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

    Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"
    <Directory "/usr/share/doc/">
        Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order deny,allow
        Deny from all
        Allow from ::1/128


and also used

sudo chown -R var/www /media/myserver/


chmod -R 755 /media/myserver/

still i was not able to connect my /media/myserver and my browser show the following message


You don't have permission to access / on this server.

Please tell anyone how to mount myserver at my var/www, thanks advance

Best Answer

You'll have to edit apache2.conf and 000-default.conf to change the document root of apache.

The Apache server is installed on /var/www/html.This is the default root directory of apache.

Either change the root directory of Apache or move the project to /var/www/html.

  1. To change Apache's root directory, run:

     cd /etc/apache2/sites-available
  2. Then open the 000-default.conf file using the command:

     nano 000-default.conf
  3. Edit the DocumentRoot option:

     DocumentRoot /path/to/my/project
  4. Then restart the apache server:

     sudo service apache2 restart

If you get Forbidden You don't have permission to access / on this server after changing the root of apache then do follow these steps

  1. Find the apache2.conf located in /etc/apache2 and open it using:

     nano apache2.conf
  2. Use Ctrl+W and search for Directory (It should be in line 153)

  3. It should look like this

     <Directory />
         Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
         AllowOverride All
         Require all denied
  4. Change it to

     <Directory />
         Options Indexes FollowSymLinks Includes ExecCGI
         AllowOverride All
         Require all granted
  5. Restart apache

     sudo service apache2 restart

I made a script that changes apache root in a single command. You can find it on my github.

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