Ubuntu – Can’t reset the JAVA_HOME to new Open JDK 11 Java installation

environment-variablesjavajdkopenjdksoftware installation

OS: UBUNTU 18.04

I had installed Oracle Java 8 earlier. But decided to switch to open JDK 11.
it's successfully installed.
java -version
openjdk version "11.0.2" 2019-01-15
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.2+9-Ubuntu-3ubuntu118.04.3)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.2+9-Ubuntu-3ubuntu118.04.3, mixed mode, sharing)

Then I set the JAVA_HOME
sudo nano /etc/environment
File changes:

Then executed:
source /etc/environment


But the moment I exit the terminal and then launch the terminal again:
I get this output:

▶ echo $JAVA_HOME

which you can see is not what is expected.
Please help me out

Best Answer

To Answer the question

The answers and some comments focus on how to set JAVA_HOME to version 11 but the question is partly about "where is version 8 being set?". To answer that see:

Use this command:

$ sudo grep -rnw --exclude-dir={boot,dev,lib,media,mnt,proc,root,run,sys,/tmp,tmpfs,var} '/' -e '/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle' | grep JAVA_HOME

/etc/profile.d/jdk.sh:4:export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle
/etc/profile.d/jdk.csh:4:setenv JAVA_HOME /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle
/home/rick/.gradle/daemon/4.6/daemon-14831.out.log:53:20:45:23.553 [DEBUG] (... SNIP ...) /usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games:/usr/local/games:/snap/bin:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/bin:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/db/bin:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/jre/bin (... SNIP ...) Configuring env variables: {PATH=/home/rick/bin:/home/rick/.local/bin:/mnt/e/bin:/mnt/e/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games:/usr/local/games:/snap/bin:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/bin:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/db/bin:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/jre/bin,  (... SNIP ...) 

This is what my system returns. Yours will likely be different. To make a long story short the culprit is /etc/profile.d/jdk.sh:

$ cat /etc/profile.d/jdk.sh

setenv J2SDKDIR /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle
setenv J2REDIR /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/jre
setenv PATH ${PATH}:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/bin:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/db/bin:/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/jre/bin
setenv JAVA_HOME /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle
setenv DERBY_HOME /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-oracle/db

You probably surmise /etc/profile.d/jdk.csh needs changing too. Indeed it contains the exact same contents as /etc/profile.d/jdk.sh

To address the XY problem

There is a better way than going through files line by line and changing an 8 to an 11.

The easiest method is using Java installer. From this Ask Ubuntu Q&A: Setting JDK 7 as default

To get a list of your installed Java platforms, run the following command from the terminal:

sudo update-alternatives --config java

This will give you a list output similar to this:

There are 2 choices for the alternative java (providing /usr/bin/java).
   Selection    Path                                           Priority   Status
  0            /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-oracle/jre/bin/java         1070      auto mode
  1            /usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk-i386/jre/bin/java   1051      manual mode
* 2            /usr/lib/jvm/java-6-openjdk-i386/jre/bin/java   1069      manual mode
Press enter to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number: 
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