- There's some files and folders that you don't have access to, even as Administrator. System Volume Information is one such folder.
- You can't directly see some items that take up space, like the MFT and USN Journal.
- On Vista & 7, the Windows directory is densely hardlinked. Explorer is unable to handle this and will count files with n hardlinks n times.
- Explorer doesn't take NTFS Alternate Data Streams into account.
- Files locked for exclusive use won't be counted either.
**No matter what you do, you're not going to be able to select all the files/folders on the drive and make the number match the drive's properties.
As for "size" vs "size on disk", there's several things that make the two differ. "Slack space", as mentioned by the others are the most common. But files stored with NTFS compression may take up less space on disk, affecting Explorer's display. Sparse files, offline files, and other special attributes can also cause the 2 to differ significantly.
**You can use a linux based os or a live cd to see all the hidden folders.
For Windows 7 one of those folders is called ProgramData and it accounts for the big difference in size reports.
The difference is only relevant on a machine with more than one NUMA node. On such machines, the processors in "Processor Information" are identified by their NUMA node and their number within the node. For example, if you have two nodes with four processors each, then "Processor information" would enumerate them as
The first number of each pair is the NUMA node number. "Processor Information" also provides pseudo-instances that give node-specific totals (
1,_Total for the preceding example).
In "Processor" the processors are simply numbered serially and there is a single system-wide
_Total instance, no matter how many NUMA nodes there are.
A NUMA machine these days would normally use one of the modern point-to-point interconnects (QPI or HyperTransport) and would have more than one physical CPU socket. In these platforms, each CPU socket is its own NUMA node, with its own set of DIMM slots.
So, why do they have both? If all you care about is the info from each processor there is no difference; you can get that from either group. But being able to easily identify CPU usage within the NUMA nodes is important in some performance tuning scenarios. The NUMA-node-wide totals are particularly valuable as they make it easy to figure out if the OS's scheduler is doing the right thing for you (either keeping all of your related processes together on one NUMA node... or not, whichever you would prefer).
On the vast majority of consumer and business machines you have just one physical CPU socket ("CPU package") and regardless of how many cores it has it is all just one NUMA node with one set of RAM shared by all of the cores, so the "Processor information" group will not show you anything different from the "Processor" group. NUMA machines are almost exclusively the province of servers and high-performance workstations.
FYI, here is a data sheet on a dual-socket NUMA motherboard. You can clearly see how the RAM sockets are physically associated with the respective CPU sockets.
If I now press the CE button, only the
5is erased. The rest of my computation is still stored.
If I press the C button, my whole computation will be cleared:
One might ask why we have these specific keys on our Windows calculator? Why are they not labeled differently?
Luckily, the guys over at Vintage Calculators have an amazing collection of information on the subject.
According to their site, the first electronic calculator was released by Bell Punch Co., Uxbridge, England in 1961. This were the Anita Mk VII and the Anita Mk 8.
Anita Mk VII
Anita Mk 8
For the Mk 8 we get an additional schema:
We can see it has a Clear Register and Clear Keyboard button. Please keep in mind, to my knowledge, this is one of the first electronic calculators that was ever designed.
The terminology was also used in later models, like the Sanyo ICC-0081, which seemed to have a CK (Clear Keyboard) and CA (Clear All) button.
Later models just continue the pattern. For example, the
We can see a C (Clear) and CI (Cancel Input) button.