Windows – Encrypt specific folder in exernal harddrive

external hard drivewindows

I have an external Seagate hard drive. I have two folders in it. Encrypted and UnEncrypted. I was a easy solution to password protect the "Encrypted" folder.
Is there any inbuilt windows feature to do that? Please suggest if any third party software needed.

Best Answer

Builtin Windows Feature Encypted File System (EFS) allows you to encrypt single folders/files on NTFS formatted drives.

The following Windows OS'es support EFS:

Windows Vista Business, Enterprise and Ultimate editions
Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise and Ultimate editions
Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2
Windows 8 and 8.1 Pro and Enterprise editions
Windows Server 2012
Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise, and Education editions

If you want to decrypt the files on a remote machine. You must export the EFS private key from the first machine using certmgr.msc and import it to the second machine. Only then you will be able to decrypt files.

To encrypt files/folder using EFS follow these steps:

  1. Right click on the folder or file you want to encrypt, go to Properties, which opens the file/folder properties window.
  2. Then, click Advanced… button to open the Advanced Attributes window.

  3. Tick the option Encrypt contents to secure data, and hit OK.

enter image description here

enter image description here

Your encryption certificate will be created automatically the first time you turned on the encryption on your folder/file. It’s recommended that you immediately back it up right after with a strong password. Both Windows 7 and 8 has made it very easy to do with an easy-to-follow wizard.

  1. Type “Encryption Certificates” in the search box from Start menu to open Manage File Encryption Certificates wizard.

  2. Follow the wizard to pick up the right certificate and back it up

enter image description here

Related Question